Diabetes Testing

Living with diabetes can be a challenging burden. But it can definitely be manageable

Monitoring Your Blood Sugar

Regular blood sugar monitoring is important to manage type 1 & 2 diabetes. This helps you to be aware of what makes your glucose levels go up or down. It also allows you to work with your healthcare team and make decisions for a comprehensive diabetes care plan. These decisions can help delay or prevent diabetes complications such as heart attack, stroke, kidney disease, blindness, and amputation.

How to test for diabetes

It is good practice to always monitor your blood sugar levels. Your healthcare professionals are your best friends when it comes to this as they will tell you when and how often to check your blood sugar levels. Alternatively, using a blood sugar meter is a convenient way to have your sugar level monitored and recorded so that further action can be taken to regulate it.

How to Use a Blood Sugar Meter

There are different kinds of meters, but most of them work the same way.

Ask your health care team to show you the benefits of each. In addition to you, have someone else learn how to use your meter in case you’re sick and can’t check your blood sugar yourself.

Below are tips for how to use a blood sugar meter

1.  Make sure the meter is clean and ready to use.

2.  After removing a test strip, immediately close the test strip container tightly. (Test strips can be damaged if they are exposed to moisture)

3.  Wash your hands with soap and warm water or use an alcohol swab to clean the finger tip. Dry well and massage your hand to get blood into your finger.

4.  Use a lancet to prick your finger. Squeezing from the base of the finger, gently place a small amount of blood onto the test strip. Then place the strip in the meter.

5.  After a few seconds, the reading will appear. Track and record your results and add notes about anything that might have made the reading out of your target range, such as food, activity, etc.

6.  Properly dispose the lancet and strip in a trash container.

7.  Do not share blood sugar monitoring equipment, such as lancets, with anyone, even other family members.

8.  Store test strips in the container provided. Do not expose them to moisture, extreme heat, or cold temperatures.

Recommended Target Ranges

The following targets for control of glycaemic level is adopted from Malaysia CPG Management of type II diabetes mellitus

*Recommended* Get an A1C Test

A1C results tell you your average blood sugar level over 3 months.  Make sure to get an A1C test at least twice a year. Some people may need to have the test more often, so follow your healthcare professional’s advice.