Hand, Foot & Mouth Disease (HFMD)

Bone and Joint Health
12th October 2018


HFMD is a viral infection caused by a group of enteroviruses, most commonly the Coxsackie virus. The incubation period of HFMD is 3 to 5 days (with a range from 2 days to 2 weeks). Both adults and children can be affected, but young children below 5 years old are more susceptible.

Signs and Symptoms

  • Fever.
  • Lethargy.
  • Poor appetite.
  • Sore throat.
  • Mouth ulcers on the inside of the mouth or sides of the tongue.
  • Rash (flat or raised spots) or small blisters on palms of hands, soles of feet, and/or buttocks.

How does it spread?

HFMD spreads through direct contact with:

  • Nasal discharge.
  • Saliva.
  • Faeces and fluids from the rash of an infected person.

Is there any treatment?

Currently there is no specific effective treatment except for symptoms relief methods.

If your child has HFMD, please take the following actions:

  • Inform school, nursery, kindergarten, so that they can monitor other children closely and prevent further spread of HFMD.
  • Keep your child away from public.
  • Check other family members whether they have any signs and symptoms of HFMD.
  • Proper disinfection of appliances or toys that are contaminated.
  • Avoid sharing food and utensils.

4 CHECKS whether your child is fit for school:

  • Check for fever (to take temperature).
  • Check for blisters on hands and arms.
  • Check for mouth ulcers.
  • Check for blisters on soles of feet, legs and/or buttocks.

For more info

Please refer to the following website: